The “Giogo – Casaglia” Forest Complex stretches over an area of 6.240 hectares, covering the Apennine watershed that goes from the Giogo Pass in Scarperia to Mount Faggeta, along the crests and passes that descend towards Bologna and Romagna, in the upper part of the Santerno, Senio and Lamone basins, north, and the Sieve basin, south.
The landscape is characterized by peaks of slightly over 1,000 metres above sea level, carved by the force of the waters, which created canyons like those of the Valle dell'Inferno and the Rovigo.
The vegetation is characterized by stretches of Beech woods (Fagus sylvatica), alternated with pastures and transitional environments. Near these we also find artificial environments, created entirely by postwar interventions by man: the reforestation of Douglas firs (Pseudotsuga menziesii) Silver firs (Abies alba), or Black pine trees (Pinus nigra).
The entire complex is run through by a system of routes whose main courses are part of the S.O.F.T (Le Sorgenti di Firenze), the G.E.A (Grande Escursioni Appenninica) and the R.E.T. (Rete Escursionistica Toscana) trails, as well as a network of newly constructed shelters and camp sites. We also find a network of themed trails created by the Unione Montana dei Comuni del Mugello.
It is this presence of abundant trails and forestry roads, as well as the shelters and camp sites, that makes this area ideal for trekking, excursions on horseback and by mountain bike.
Nature lovers with a passion for excursions find numerous delightful surprises, in both flora and fauna. Among these we must mention the wolf (Canis lupus), the Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos), and the Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus).